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Disposable isolation clothing, protective clothing, and surgical gowns, what is the difference between them?

Disposable isolation gowns, disposable protective clothing, and disposable surgical gowns are commonly used personal protective equipment in hospitals. However, in the course of clinical supervision, we often find that medical staff are a little confused about these three. In the following aspects, let's talk about the similarities and differences between the three.

Disposable isolation clothing

1. Features:

Disposable gowns: protective equipment used by medical personnel to avoid contamination by blood, body fluids, and other infectious substances, or to protect patients from infection. The isolation gown is to prevent the medical staff from being infected or contaminated and to prevent the patient from being infected, which is a two-way isolation.

Disposable protective clothing: Disposable protective equipment worn by clinical medical personnel when they come into contact with patients with Class A or Class A infectious diseases.

Disposable surgical gown: The surgical gown plays a two-way protective role during the operation. First, the surgical gown establishes a barrier between the patient and the medical staff, reducing the probability of the medical staff contacting the patient's blood or other body fluids and other potential sources of infection during the operation. Secondly, surgical gowns can block the spread of various bacteria colonized / adhered to the medical staff's skin or clothing surface to the surgical patients. Effectively avoid cross-infection of multi-drug resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). Therefore, the barrier function of the surgical gown is regarded as the key to reduce the risk of infection during surgery.

2. Indications for dressing:

Disposable gowns: 1. When exposed to patients with infectious diseases transmitted through contact, such as patients infected with multi-drug resistant bacteria. 2. Protective isolation of patients, such as the diagnosis and treatment of patients with extensive burns and patients with bone transplantation. 3. When it may be splashed by the patient's blood, body fluids, secretions and feces. 4. Enter key departments such as ICU, NICU, protective wards, etc. Whether or not to wear isolation clothes should be determined by the medical staff's purpose of entering and contact with patients.

Disposable protective clothing: 1. When contacting patients with Class A or Class A infectious diseases. 2. When contacting patients with suspected or confirmed SARS, Ebola, MERS, H7N9 avian influenza, etc., the latest infection control guidelines should be followed.

Disposable surgical gowns: used for strict sterilization and invasive treatment of patients in special operating rooms.

Surgical gown

3. Appearance and material requirements:

Disposable isolation garments: Disposable isolation garments are usually made of non-woven material or combined with materials with better impermeability, such as plastic film. Through the use of various non-woven fiber bonding techniques rather than the geometric interlocking of woven and knitted materials, it has integrity and toughness. The gown should cover the torso and all clothing to form a physical barrier for the spread of microorganisms and other substances. It should have permeability resistance, abrasion resistance and tear resistance. At present, there is no special standard in China, and only a brief introduction about putting on and taking off the gown is provided in the "Isolation Technical Specification" (the gown should be opened at the back to cover all clothes and exposed skin). However, there are no relevant indicators such as specifications and materials. The gown can be reusable or disposable, without a hat. Judging from the definition of isolation clothing in the "Hospital Isolation Technical Specification", there is no requirement for anti-penetration.